Shale Gas Research


ReFINE is the leading independent research consortium on fracking, led jointly by Newcastle University and Durham University. The academics involved focus on researching the issue of shale gas and oil exploitation using fracking methods and their potential risks.

Timeline of Work:

Shale Gas Research Timeline


ReFINE is also carrying out research on a number of the important social impacts related to the potentially widespread exploitation of gas or oil-rich shales across Europe.


ReFINE Annual Newsletter
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Download the ReFINE annual newsletter for information on project progress, media coverage, and current research themes.

View Brochure


Latest Publication
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On 24th June 2014 ReFINE published a study into the radioactivity of fracking flowback water in the journal Environmental Science and Pollution Research. The paper, entitled "The Flux of Radionuclides in Flowback Fluid from Shale Gas Exploitation" is available for free download.

Download Paper


Latest News
New Research Brief Available
15 December 2014

A new ReFINE research brief summarising the paper "The Flux of radionuclides in flowback fluid from shale gas exploitation" is now available for download. The brief discusses how radioactive the flowback water from fracking operations is likely to be, and compares this with other sources of radioactivity.


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