ReFINE is the leading independent research
consortium on fracking, led jointly by Newcastle University and
Durham University. The academics involved focus on researching the
issue of shale gas and oil exploitation using fracking methods and
their potential risks.
Timeline of Work:
ReFINE is also carrying out research on a number of the
important social impacts related to the potentially widespread
exploitation of gas or oil-rich shales across Europe.
Download the ReFINE annual newsletter for information on
project progress, media coverage, and current research
On 24th June 2014 ReFINE published a study into the
radioactivity of fracking flowback water in the journal
Environmental Science and Pollution Research. The
paper, entitled "The Flux of Radionuclides in
Flowback Fluid from Shale Gas Exploitation" is available for free
New Research Brief Available
15 December 2014
A new ReFINE research brief summarising the paper "The Flux of radionuclides in flowback fluid from shale gas exploitation" is now available for download. The brief discusses how radioactive the flowback water from fracking operations is likely to be, and compares this with other sources of radioactivity.