ReFINE is an independent research consortium
led jointly by Newcastle University and Durham Energy Institute.
The consortium focuses on researching the issue of shale gas
and oil exploitation using fracking methods and its potential
Timeline of Work:
Over a two year period ReFINE will carry out scientific
research, with the recognition that there are many important social
impacts related to the potentially widespread exploitation of gas-
or oil-rich shales across Europe.
On 24th June 2014 ReFINE published a study into the
radioactivity of fracking flowback water in the journal
Environmental Science and Pollution Research. The
paper, entitled "The Flux of Radionuclides in
Flowback Fluid from Shale Gas Exploitation" is available for free
The New York Times
16 September 2014
Prof. Richard Davies is quoted in the New York Times discussing the recent US study that links well integrity, rather than fracking itself, to water contamination issues.
The study's conclusions are similar to those published by ReFINE scientists in March 2014 in the paper "Oil and Gas Wells and Their Integrity: Implications for Shale and Unconventional Resource Exploitation."
In response to the study, Prof. Davies said, "It is good to know which parts of the fracking process are the ones we need to worry about. It’s unlikely to be the fracking itself. It’s more likely to be poor well construction.”